FOR THE DOUGH
- 1 cup flour
- 1 tablespoon sugar
- Â¼ teaspoon salt
- 8 tablespoons (1 stick) unsalted butter, cut in small pieces
- 3 to 4 tablespoons cold water
FOR THE FILLING
- 6 ounces fresh goat cheese
To make the dough: In the bowl of a food processor, combine the flour, sugar, and salt. Pulse twice. Add the butter and process just until the mixture looks a little like cornmeal, 8 to 10 seconds. Donâ€™t over process or your crust will turn out tough. Add the water, 1 tablespoon at a time, pulsing between additions. The dough should begin to hold together, but you do not want it to form a ball. This will mean thereâ€™s too much water. Turn the dough out onto a large piece of plastic wrap. Pat it into a flattened disk, wrap with the plastic, and chill for at least 1 hour or overnight.
Preheat the oven to 375Â°F. Place the rack in the bottom third of the oven. Have a fluted 9-inch tart pan with a removable bottom ready.
Remove the dough from the refrigerator and let it sit for 10 minutes. Roll out a 13-inch circle of dough and carefully place it in the tart pan. Gently push the dough into the crevices of the pan, leaving some overhang. Roll the rolling pin over the edges of the tart pan to remove the extra dough. (It is fun to roll out the scraps and dot them with jam. Bake them alongside the tart but only for a few minutes. They will burn easily.) Line the bottom and sides of the dough with foil and fill the tart pan with pie weights or dried beans. Bake for 30 minutes. Remove the foil and weights and let the crust cool.
To make the filling: In a medium bowl beat together the cheese, sugar, egg, and vanilla. Stir in the pine nuts. Spread a thin layer evenly over the prepared tart shell. Lay the pear slices over the filling, close to the edges, slightly overlapping, in a circular pattern, continuing in toward the middle of the tart. Brush the pears with the melted butter and sprinkle with the sugar. Place the tart pan on a baking sheet and bake for 35 to 45 minutes, or until the edges of the tart are golden-brown and the pears have softened and turned brown around the edges. Remove from the oven and let cool completely before serving.